In the UNESCO 1972 convention, cultural heritage was defined as follows:
- Monuments: architectural works, works of monumental sculpture and painting, elements or structures of an archaeological nature, inscriptions, cave dwellings and combinations of features, which are of outstanding universal value from the point of view of history, art or science
- Groups of buildings: groups of separate or connected buildings which, because of their architecture, their homogeneity or their place in the landscape, are of outstanding universal value from the point of view of history, art or science
- Sites: works of man or the combined works of nature and man, and areas including archaeological sites which are of outstanding universal value from the historical, aesthetic, ethnological or anthropological point of view
Nowadays, cultural heritage often includes ‘intangible culture’ such as folklore, traditions, language, and knowledge, and sometimes natural heritage as well.
In the same 1972 convention, UNESCO stressed the importance of ‘developing scientific and technical studies and research and to work out such operating methods as will make the State capable of counteracting the dangers that threaten its cultural or natural heritage’.
Cultural heritage is a collective good, and the collective awareness of its value is one of the first steps in order to achieve the UNESCO preservation objectives.
SciCafe 2.0 cooperates to disseminate knowledge and information on cultural heritage, to develop awareness and to collectively discuss new preservation strategies.
 UNESCO 1972 Convention, http://whc.unesco.org